A history of the conflict between israel and palestine and the six day war in 1967

The Israeli plan was to hit the Egyptians at selected key points with concentrated armour.

Causes of the six day war essay

Meanwhile, Israel was condemned by the United Nations when it retaliated. Within three days the Israelis had achieved an overwhelming victory on the ground, capturing the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula up to the east bank of the Suez Canal. A week later, he sealed a defense pact with King Hussein of Jordan. With Britain and France , owners of the international Canal company, looking for a pretext to act against Nasser's canal grab, war with Israel is suggested as the perfect conclusion. The terrain on either side of the route was impassable. By the mids, Syrian-backed Palestinian guerillas had begun staging attacks across the Israeli border, provoking reprisal raids from the Israel Defense Forces. The battle ended in an Israeli victory, with 40 Egyptian and 19 Israeli tanks destroyed. To do this successfully, Israel needed the element of surprise. It was spontaneous love. Furthermore, the Soviet Union had become increasingly alarmed by the Israeli advances and was threatening to intervene.

Inelections were held in the West Bank. Nasser believed Israel could not withstand a lengthy war of attrition. Attacks on other Arab air forces by Israel took place later in the day as hostilities broke out on other fronts.

Also, Islamic holy places were put in the care of a Muslim Council. The victory enabled Israel to unify Jerusalem. The anxiety expressed by friends outside told us that our apprehension was not vain.

Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. Israel all but secured victory by establishing air superiority, but fierce fighting continued for several more days.

These movements were unobserved by the Egyptians, who were preoccupied with Israeli probes against their perimeter.

six day war summary

Israeli forces concentrated on the border with Egypt included six armoured brigadesone infantry brigade, one mechanized infantry brigade, three paratrooper brigades, giving a total of around 70, men and tanks, who were organized in three armoured divisions.

The lopsidedness of the defeat demoralized both the Arab public and the political elite. The Israeli plan was to surprise the Egyptian forces in both timing the attack exactly coinciding with the IAF strike on Egyptian airfieldslocation attacking via northern and central Sinai routes, as opposed to the Egyptian expectations of a repeat of the war, when the IDF attacked via the central and southern routes and method using a combined-force flanking approach, rather than direct tank assaults.

Why did the six day war happen

Almost immediately after the end of the war, any hope for peace was shattered when Egypt began shelling Israeli positions near the Suez Canal. By nightfall, the Israelis had finished mopping up resistance. In a show of support for his Syrian allies, he ordered Egyptian forces to advance into the Sinai Peninsula, where they expelled a United Nations peacekeeping force that had been guarding the border with Israel for over a decade. All but 12 of its nearly operational jets [67] launched a mass attack against Egypt's airfields. Had it waited for an Arab invasion, Israel would have been at a potentially catastrophic disadvantage. Johnson cautioned both sides against firing the first shot and attempted to garner support for an international maritime operation to reopen the Straits of Tiran. On June 9, following an intense aerial bombardment, Israeli tanks and infantry advanced on a heavily fortified region of Syria called the Golan Heights. In other words, we aim at the destruction of the state of Israel. Simultaneously, Sharon's tanks from the west were to engage Egyptian forces on Um-Katef ridge and block any reinforcements. The national aim: the eradication of Israel. However, as Gonen's lead battalion advanced, it suddenly came under intense fire and took heavy losses. Within three days the Israelis had achieved an overwhelming victory on the ground, capturing the Gaza Strip and all of the Sinai Peninsula up to the east bank of the Suez Canal.
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