InPresident Rosseff established a truth commission to investigate human rights abuses perpetrated by the military dictators. Some peace has come to Nicaragua and El Salvador, some prosperity to Bolivia. As a peripheral arena in the broader East—West contest, the Cold War in Latin America pitted the United States and its anticommunist but often undemocratic regional allies against real and perceived Soviet proxies in Cuba, Chile, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and beyond.
During la guerra sucia of the late s, the Argentine military and associated death squads massacred 30, Argentines. Even some thoughtful analysts of the country's crisis believe that Shining Path's blunt appeal to destroy the existing system must be fought with draconian measures.
The emerging world order after the Cold War is a challenge to which they—as we—must meet by changing to adapt to new, and hopefully better, international circumstances.
Italian and Spanish jurists initiated extradition proceedings against Latin American military officers, charging that they had killed European nationals in countries such as Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay.
In fact, attacks on wealth as such have simply aggravated the problems of poverty and rendered them more general.
Uruguay's truth commission documented disappearances between and during the military dictatorship.