Instead of professional soldiers, small groups of organized fighters with a mastery of the terrain mounted resistance by using the classical guerrilla tactic of hit-and-run raids against stationary enemy forces. But as the length of some resistance struggles amply demonstrates, Africans put up the best resistance with the resources they had.
Other imperialists believed imperialism was necessary for their country's economic growth. Consequently, African societies were in a state of flux, and many were organizationally weak and politically unstable.
He also established engineering workshops where weapons were repaired and parts were fabricated. The Scramble for Africa But other factors played an important role in the process.
A Period of Change It is quite clear that most African societies fought fiercely and bravely to retain control over their countries and societies against European imperialist designs and military invasions.
They each aimed to beat the other through vying for greater control of Africa and thus her natural resources and labour supply.
Imperialism has many positive and negative effects. Colonial Domination: Assimilation The French, for their part, established a highly centralized administrative system that was influenced by their ideology of colonialism and their national tradition of extreme administrative centralism.
As a result of industrialization, major social problems grew in Europe: unemployment, poverty, homelessness, social displacement from rural areas, and so on.
With these resources and his well-trained forces and the motivation of national defense he provided his protracted resistance to the French. Because they were imposed and maintained by force, without the consent of the governed, the colonial states never had the effective legitimacy of normal governments.