Effects of imperialism in africa

Instead of professional soldiers, small groups of organized fighters with a mastery of the terrain mounted resistance by using the classical guerrilla tactic of hit-and-run raids against stationary enemy forces. But as the length of some resistance struggles amply demonstrates, Africans put up the best resistance with the resources they had.

Other imperialists believed imperialism was necessary for their country's economic growth. Consequently, African societies were in a state of flux, and many were organizationally weak and politically unstable.

He also established engineering workshops where weapons were repaired and parts were fabricated. The Scramble for Africa But other factors played an important role in the process.

A Period of Change It is quite clear that most African societies fought fiercely and bravely to retain control over their countries and societies against European imperialist designs and military invasions.

They each aimed to beat the other through vying for greater control of Africa and thus her natural resources and labour supply.

Causes and effects of imperialism in africa

Europe established trade relations with African rulers and encouraged them to trade with them exclusively. These practices guaranteed them markets outside Europe for the sales of surplus goods and led to the practice of dumping. As Italy intensified pressure in the s to impose its rule over Ethiopia, the Ethiopians organized to resist. This meant that African chiefs would trade only with their colonial government. In the famous battle of Adwa in , one hundred thousand Ethiopian troops confronted the Italians and inflicted a decisive defeat. In practice, the French system combined elements of direct administration and indirect rule. The Europeans did not respect the social state of the Africans before acting inhuman towards the Africans, as it was for the sole purpose of taking away mineral and human resources with nothing being put back into the country in return. In the colonial capitals the governors were responsible to the minister of colonies in Paris. In general, indirect rule worked fairly well in areas that had long-established centralized state systems such as chiefdoms, city-states, kingdoms, and empires, with their functional administrative and judicial systems of government. Thus it was somewhat like British indirect rule, although the French still remained committed to the doctrine of assimilation. In Africa, there were positive and negative effects towards the Africans and the invaders. But the African societies eventually lost out.

Imperialism has many positive and negative effects. Colonial Domination: Assimilation The French, for their part, established a highly centralized administrative system that was influenced by their ideology of colonialism and their national tradition of extreme administrative centralism.

As a result of industrialization, major social problems grew in Europe: unemployment, poverty, homelessness, social displacement from rural areas, and so on.

positive and negative effects of imperialism in africa essay

With these resources and his well-trained forces and the motivation of national defense he provided his protracted resistance to the French. Because they were imposed and maintained by force, without the consent of the governed, the colonial states never had the effective legitimacy of normal governments.

lasting effects of imperialism in africa
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The Colonization of Africa