Kaiser wilhelm ii and the first world war essay

kaiser wilhelm ii ww1

Other European dignitaries thought him "mentally ill" or having "a screw loose. Madness as a Political Metaphor The moment the Kaiser left Germany, the questions about his mental state returned.

who was kaiser wilhelm ii, and what role did he play in world war i? quizlet

Diagnosing the exiled Kaiser as mentally ill was a kind of exorcism of the Hohenzollern rule, opening the way for either a socialist republic or the hoped-for rule of a new leader.

William II His ancestry played an important role in many of his decisions and some researchers suggest that inherited traits could also have been a factor in terms of certain psychological aspects of his character. Both had anachronistic courts, both considered they ruled by the grace of God, neither believed in constitutionalism, neither was particularly bright, both were prepared to risk world war, and both kept a tight command on their armed forces.

Medical concepts became a vehicle for a debate on the key political questions in interwar Germany. More recently, Thomas A.

World war 1 essay introduction

In the sixteenth century alone, close to thirty German dukes, landgraves, and counts and one Holy Roman emperor, were considered by contemporaries to be mad. In the diagnoses of Wilhelm II, the idea of a positive definition of health became an argument about political leadership, based on the juxtaposition of the image of the sick emperor and an ideal, healthy leader. Die Krankheit Wilhelms II. If, like Hitler, he had Jewish friends as a youth, he later turned on the Jews as Germany's most deadly enemy, informing Sir Edward Grey, for example, in that "They want stamping out. Whether he was an active homosexual is open to dispute - although Harden believed he had hard evidence. Rarely have I yearned for more. As Forel saw it, his psychiatric diagnosis of Wilhelm had direct political consequences for the post-war order. Freudians might perhaps be inclined to recognise an oedipal struggle at play here. He never returned, but neither did he leave the minds of his people.

He most entertainingly characterised the Kaiser as a pathological figure. How far do you agree with this statement? He never returned, but neither did he leave the minds of his people.

Causes of world war 1 essay

He boasted: " The hand of God is creating a new World and working miracles The eminent historian Theodor Mommsen — , for example, used his acclaimed multi-volume history of Rome to advance national-liberal politics in post Germany. For modern medicine, however, bloodlines carried not legitimacy, but hereditary traits that could often be pathological. Still, as Rohl wisely points out; "the First World War did not have t o come. That he, at one end of the social scale in German Europe, could develop views so similar to Wilhelm's at the other indicates that there remains a need for an intellectual dimension to imperial history that today may sound rather old-fashioned. Lord Salisbury thought him "not quite normal", Sir Edward Grey, "not quite sane". The British meanwhile paid only a quarter of that for a court which was the centre of a world empire. Secondly, has he taken it out of t h e wider context of German social and political history? After the US joined the war in , the Allied Powers including Britain began to make significant gains. But were issues of domestic policy primary? Yet even Admiral von Hollman, the Secretary of State in the Reich Navy Office admitted in "that there [were] not as many as ten people in the Reichstag in favour of the great future fleet plans" while Tirpitz himself wrote to the Grand Duke of Baden in that "genuine enthusiasm among the people and therefore also among their parliamentary representatives is lacking for the vigorous development of our forces at sea. His life: Wilhelm was born in Psychiatry was used to dispose of the Wittelsbach king while preserving the institutional status quo, and avoiding criticism of the institution of monarchy as such. I personally am a great admirer of Fischer, but I would hesitate to state that he has won the argument.

Hitler's anti-Semitism, his war aims, his rages etc. Immediate causes meaning a specific short-term occurrence that is directly related to the event and essentially what created the event.

Kaiser wilhelm ii and the first world war essay

Nor did foreign diplomats notice that the influence of the Kaiser had been undermined. Clearly, the decision-making processes were not all that different in Berlin, nor indeed, were the motives. But, as countries across Europe became embroiled in the First World War, German military generals excluded Wilhelm from key decisions and he became merely a figurehead for the German army. Whether these diagnoses were accurate and whether the Kaiser really was mentally ill became the issue of a heated debate. When Wilhelm II ascended the throne in at the age of 29, a spirit of optimism took hold of the German Empire, and the liberal members of the middle class in particular. The Great War: Causes The first post-war diagnosis of the exiled Kaiser to be published in Germany had in fact been written in neutral Switzerland. However, this kind of psychiatric exculpation was ambiguous. That was, rather, his physical and mental problems. As the example of the journal Irrenrechts-Reform [Reform of lunacy law] illustrates, critics of psychiatry were particularly sensitive to this double-edged function of psychiatric diagnoses. It was a difficult birth, during which Wilhelm sustained nerve damage that left one of his arms permanently paralysed — a condition that he attempted to conceal throughout his life.
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The Family Relationships that Couldn’t Stop World War I