Why reconstruction destined fail
However, this could scarcely have been done without the continued maintenance of a sizeable military occupation force — although given that such an occupation force would be responsible forsquare miles and 9 million inhabitants, it would have required at least as many troops as were committed to pacifying the West.
Over seventy percent of men in prison are men of color.
I am clear now that it would have been better for the North to have. It also prohibited men who had willingly served the Confederacy from voting, and completely abolished slavery. Violence against blacks increases Byviolence against black people had increased to extreme levels in the South.
With unrepentant [without regret for past actions] rebels still in the saddle, what had four long years of death and sacrifice achieved?
Why was reconstruction a failure yahoo
In effect, the Black Codes often returned black people to a condition very close to slavery in Southern society. Under Congressional Reconstruction, the Southern states adopted new constitutions and formed governments that allowed the participation of black people. As a result, the amendment failed to be ratified by one vote. As a result of a bargain after the disputed presidential election of , the Republican Rutherford B. Like President Johnson before him, Clinton survived impeachment and remained in office. Probably the least successful efforts of the Freedmen's Bureau involved distributing land to former slaves. The Republican governments of the former Confederate states could have easily been viewed as artificial creations; rules imposed on them only resulting from hostilities derived from the war. Grant — Union general who commanded all Federal troops, —65; led Union armies at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, and Petersburg; eighteenth president of the United States, —77 Rutherford B. The chief justice of the Supreme Court presides over the trial as a judge. Congress began the process of impeachment on February 22, Every new state constitution created a public school system that was open to children of both races, although schools were still segregated.
If the Confederate leaders were not punished, they could soon return to power and cause problems for blacks and Unionists. Second, it put an end to slavery throughout the country.
Some white people took their feelings out on blacks through violence. It was not economic dependency, however, but widespread violence, coupled with a Northern retreat from the ideal of equality, that doomed Reconstruction.
He fired Stanton in Augustshortly after Congress had adjourned. Under his ten percent rule, no freedmen could be part of a state government.
A major failure of reconstruction was that
Racially motivated violence became a federal offense. Actually, the plans were quite lenient, enforcing military rule for only a short period of time, ignoring land reform, and granting pardons easily. The growing tension between blacks and whites erupted into race riots in the Southern cities of Memphis and New Orleans during the summer of Once again, the changes were less radical than some people anticipated. Throughout the impeachment hearings and Senate trial, Clinton remained popular with the public. Congress viewed this plan as far too lenient, and in passed the Wade-Davis bill. Finally, the senators voted on the charges on May They offered aid to railroads and other enterprises in the hope of creating a New South whose economic expansion would benefit black and white alike. But they finally held some political power. However, this could scarcely have been done without the continued maintenance of a sizeable military occupation force — although given that such an occupation force would be responsible for , square miles and 9 million inhabitants, it would have required at least as many troops as were committed to pacifying the West. But the U. This bill required a majority of adult white males in any Southern state to take an oath to support the Constitution before that state could be readmitted to the Union. First, Congress refused to allow any representatives from Southern states to take their seats until their states were formally readmitted to the Union. Hayes assumed the Oval Office and disavowed further national efforts to enforce the rights of black citizens, while white Democrats controlled the South.
Ferguson, which ruled that segregation was legal and could be enforced.
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